Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.17/980
Título: Primary Disorders of Neurotransmitter Metabolism: Experience of a Tertiary Center
Autor: Duarte, S
Sequeira, S
Rodrigues, R
Calado, E
Palavras-chave: Doenças Neurotransmissoras
Caso Clínico
HDE NEU PED
HDE MTB
Data: 2011
Editora: Serviço de Neuropediatria e Unidade de Doenças Metabólicas, Hospital Dona Estefânia, Centro Hospitalar de Lisboa Central, EPE
Citação: IN: The 9th European Pediatric Neurology Society (EPNS) Congress; 2011 10-14 Maio. Cavtat, Croácia
Resumo: Neurotransmitter diseases are a group of inherited disorders attributable to a disturbance of neurotransmitter metabolism. Biogenic amines are neurotransmitters with multiple roles including psychomotor function, hormone secretion, cardiovascular, respiratory and gastrointestinal control, sleep mechanisms, body temperature and pain. Given the multiple functions of monoamines, disorders of their metabolism comprise a wide spectrum of manifestations, with motor dysfunction being the most prominent clinical feature. Methods: Case review of 12 patients from 4 families, with primary disorders of biogenic amine metabolism. Results: Aromatic L-amino acid decarboxylase deficiency (4 patients from 2 families), and GTP-cyclohydrolase (8 patients from 2 families) were the two diseases identified. Age at first symptoms varied between 2 months and 6 years. Developmental delay was present in all cases except 2 patients with GTP cyclohydrolase deficiency. The combination of axial hypotonia and limb dystonia was also frequent. Children with aromatic L-amino acid decarboxylase deficiency exhibited temperature instability, oculogyric crisis and disturbances of sleep. The index case of one family with GTP cyclohydrolase deficiency presented with Parkinsonism (bradykinesia, rigidity and hypomimia). Analysis of neurotransmitters and their metabolites in CSF was crucial for the identification of index cases. Response to therapy was variable but in general unsatisfactory except in a family with GTP cyclohydrolase deficiency. Conclusions: These disorders should be considered in the differential diagnosis of paediatric neurodegenerative diseases, in order to allow an adequate therapeutic trial that can favor prognosis.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.17/980
Aparece nas colecções:NEU PED - Comunicações e Conferências
MTB - Comunicações e Conferências

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