Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.17/917
Título: Clinical and Pathological Findings in Women with Fabry Disease
Autor: Natário, A
Viana, H
Galvão, MJ
Carvalho, F
Palavras-chave: Doença de Fabry
Biópsia
Estudos Retrospectivos
Data: 2012
Editora: Sociedade Portuguesa de Nefrologia e Hipertensão
Citação: Port J Nephrol Hypert 2012; 26(1): 47-54
Resumo: Introduction. Fabry disease is a rare metabolic disorder caused by the genetic deficiency of the lysosomal hydrolase alpha-galactosidase A, located on chromosome X. Females with the defective gene are more than carriers and can develop a wide range of symptoms. Nevertheless, disease symptoms generally occur later and are less severe in women than in men. The enzyme deficiency manifests as a glycosphingolipidosis with progressive accumulation of glycosphingolipids and deposit of inclusion bodies in lysosomes giving a myelinlike appearance. Patients and Methods. Records of renal biopsies performed on adults from 1st January 2008 to 31st August 2011, were retrospectively examined at the Renal Pathology Laboratory. We retrieved biopsies diagnosed with Fabry disease and reviewed clinical and laboratory data and pathology findings. Results. Four female patients with a mean age of 49.3±4.5 (44-55) years were identified. The mean proteinuria was 0.75±0.3 g/24h (0.4-1.2) and estimated glomerular filtration rate (CKD EPI equation) was 71±15.7 ml/min/1.73m2 (48-83). Three patients experienced extra-renal organ involvement (cerebrovascular, cardiac, dermatologic, ophthalmologic and thyroid) with distinct severity degrees. Leukocyte α-GAL A activity was below normal range in the four cases but plasma and urinary enzymatic activity was normal. Light microscopy showed predominant vacuolisation of the podocyte cytoplasm and darkly staining granular inclusions on paraffin and plastic-embedded semi-thin sections. Electron microscopy showed in three patients the characteristic myelin-like inclusions in the podocyte cytoplasm and also focal podocyte foot process effacement. In one case the inclusions were also present in parietal glomerular cells, endothelial cells of peritubular capillary and arterioles. Conclusion. Clinical signs and symptoms are varied and can be severe among heterozygous females with Fabry disease. Intracellular accumulation of glycosphingolipids is a characteristic histologic finding of Fabry nephropathy. Since this disease is a potentially treatable condition, its early identification is imperative. We should consider it in the differential diagnosis of any patient presenting with proteinuria and/or chronic kidney disease, especially if there is a family history of kidney disease.
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.17/917
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