Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.17/668
Título: Esterilização Feminina: Estudo Comparativo entre Esterilização Histeroscópica e Laparoscópica
Outros títulos: Female Sterilization: Comparative Study of Hysteroscopic versus Laparoscopic Sterilization
Autor: Correia, L
Queirós, A
Machado, AI
Delgado, E
Farelo, A
Palavras-chave: Esterilização
Estudo Comparativo
Histeroscopia
Laparoscopia
Estudos Retrospectivos
Data: 2011
Editora: Sociedades Portuguesas de Obstetrícia e Ginecológica
Citação: Acta Obstet Ginecol Port 2011; 5 (4): 159-164
Resumo: Overview and Aims: Female sterilization is increasingly requested as a contraceptive method. Hysteroscopic sterilization by transcervical placing of Essure® micro-inserts in the initial portion of the tubes is a recent alternative to laparoscopic sterilization. The objective of this study is to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of hysteroscopic versus laparoscopic sterilization. Study Design: Retrospective cohort study. Population: A total of 98 women undergoing sterilization in an outpatient clinic between July 2005 and July 2009. Methods: Patients’ age, associated diseases, anesthesic risk, procedure time, discomfort, adverse events and success rate were evaluated. Results: Mean age at surgery was 37.8 years (19-49), and there were no statistically significant differences between the groups regarding this parameter. Women in the hysteroscopic group had a significant number of associated diseases (98% versus 47%), obesity (31% versus 6%), and anesthesic risk (ASA III- 31% versus 0%). The mean duration of the procedure was the same for both techniques (laparoscopy 28 minutes and hysteroscopy 26 minutes). All laparoscopic sterilizations were successfully completed. In the hysteroscopic group 4% failed to complete the technique. There were no cases of severe pain. Women in the hysteroscopy group reported pain less frequently (40% versus 57%, χ2 p<0.05). Long term success rate was similar in both groups (96% for hysteroscopy and 98% for laparoscopy). Conclusions: In spite of a higher incidence of associated diseases, obesity and anesthetic risks in the hysteroscopy group, there were no significant differences in the duration of the procedure, adverse events and success rate. The hysteroscopic approach can therefore be considered an alternative to laparoscopy, eliminating the need for incisional surgery and for general anaesthesia. If women with high surgical risk and several associated diseases can safely undergo this procedure, it could well become the preferred method for women who want a permanent and irreversible contraceptive method.
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.17/668
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