Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.17/667
Título: Infecções Urinárias e Gravidez - Diagnóstico, Terapêutica e Prevenção
Outros títulos: Urinary Tract Infections in Pregnancy - Diagnosis, Treatment and Prevention
Autor: Figueiredo, A
Gomes, G
Campos, A
Palavras-chave: Infecções Urinárias
Gravidez
Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez
Bacteriúria
Pielonefrite
Data: 2012
Editora: Sociedades Portuguesas de Obstetrícia e Ginecologia
Citação: Acta Obstet Ginecol Port 2012; 6 (3): 124-133
Resumo: Objectives: Literature review of classification, epidemiology, pathophysiology, microbiology, clinical presentation, diagnosis, complications, treatment and prevention of urinary tract infections (UTI) in pregnancy. Data Sources and Review Methods: Bibliographic research in Medline, through PubMed and Medscape, of systematic reviews, observational studies, clinical guidelines, meta-analyses and randomized controlled trials published between January 1992 and December 2010. Results: Asymptomatic bacteriuria occurs in 2 to 10% of pregnant women, 30% of which will develop acute pyelonephritis if left untreated. Treatment of asymptomatic bacteriuria has been shown to reduce the risk of pyelonephritis in pregnancy. Therefore, screening and treatment of this form of UTI has become a standard of obstetrical care, although the ideal duration of the treatment is still controverse. Acute pyelonephritis is one of the most common medical complications of pregnancy and may be associated with maternal, obstetric and perinatal complications. There is no clear consensus in the literature regarding antibiotic choice or duration of therapy for symptomatic UTI. Increasing antibiotic resistance complicates the choice of empirical regimens and local resistance rates need to be taken into account when deciding the therapy. Considering the high rate of recurrence of UTI during pregnancy, prophylactic measures need to be taken in pregnant women who have already experienced UTI during their current pregnancy. Conclusions: Although UTI is a generally benign condition in non-pregnant women, it may be a potentially serious complication during pregnancy. Early diagnosis and treatment of UTI during pregnancy are mandatory and can prevent severe maternal and perinatal complications.
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.17/667
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