Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.17/580
Título: Diabetic Foot Infections: Current Diagnosis and Treatment
Autor: Mendes, JJ
Neves, J
Palavras-chave: Infecção
Úlcera do Pé Diabético
Osteomielite
Data: 2012
Editora: Journal of Diabetic Foot Complications
Citação: J Diabetic Foot Complic. 2012; 4 (2): 26-45
Resumo: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a global epidemic, and diabetic foot ulcer (DFU) is one of its most serious and costly complications. DFUs result from a complex interaction of a number of risk factors. Once the protective layer of skin is broken, deep tissues are exposed to bacterial infection that progresses rapidly. Patients with DFUs frequently require amputations of the lower limbs and, in more than half the cases, infection is the preponderant factor. Given the challenges of treating these complex infections, this paper aims to provide a hospital-based framework for the diagnosis and treatment of diabetic foot infections (DFIs). We propose a treatment-oriented assessment of DFIs based on a cross-examination of the medical, foot, and wound history; a systemized and detailed physical examination; and the results of complementary diagnostic procedures. We stress the need for a clinical diagnosis of DFIs and the importance of microbiological evaluation for antibiotic therapy guidance. Regarding treatment, we propose a multidisciplinary approach prioritizing invasive infection drainage, necrosis debridement, and the prompt start of empirical antibiotic therapy, followed by complete and appropriate vascular reconstruction. For severe DFIs, we suggest that negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) be included in the treatment pathway. We also provide rules for managing particular situations, such as osteomyelitis. It is our hope that this protocol will improve the hospital management of DFIs and, ultimately, the prognosis of DFI patients.
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.17/580
Aparece nas colecções:CIR - Artigos
MED - Artigos

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