Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.17/467
Título: Severe Isolated Thrombocytopenia After Clopidogrel and Pentoxifylline Therapy: a Case Report
Autor: Vedes, E
Marques, L
Rico, M
Palavras-chave: Trombocitopenia
Data: 2011
Editora: BioMed Central
Citação: J Med Case Reports. 2011 Jul 4;5:281
Resumo: INTRODUCTION: Clopidogrel is frequently associated with thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura, however this drug is rarely related to severe isolated thrombocytopenia. Pentoxifylline has previously been associated with thrombocytopenia only once. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of severe isolated thrombocytopenia after therapy with both clopidogrel and pentoxyfilline. CASE PRESENTATION: We report the case of a 79-year-old Caucasian man who presented to our facility with intermittent claudication. He had obliterative arterial disease and started therapy with clopidogrel and pentoxifylline. His basal platelet count was 194 × 109 cells/L. At three days after the start of treatment, our patient had lower limb petechia and stopped taking clopidogrel and pentoxifylline. His platelet count lowered to 4 × 109 cells/L and our patient was admitted to hospital. Our patient had purpura with no other hemorrhages or splenomegaly. Results of a blood smear were normal, and a bone marrow study showed dysmegakaryopoiesis. Antiplatelet antibody test results were negative, as were all viral serology tests. Imaging study results were normal. Our patient was given immunoglobulin but there was no sustained platelet increase, so corticotherapy was started as the next treatment step. At five months after clopidogrel and pentoxifylline were discontinued, his platelet count continued increasing even after prednisolone was tapered. CONCLUSIONS: Severe isolated thrombocytopenia may appear as a side effect when using clopidogrel and pentoxifylline. These drugs are widely used by general physicians, internists, cardiologists and vascular surgeons. We hope this report will raise awareness of the need to monitor the platelet count in patients taking these drugs.
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.17/467
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