Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.17/274
Título: Variáveis Ecocardiográficas Predizentes de Terapêuticas Apropriadas de Taquidisritmias Ventriculares em Doentes Submetidos a Terapêutica de Ressincronização Cardíaca Combinada
Outros títulos: Echocardiographic Variables Predictive of Appropriate Therapies for Ventricular Tachyarrhythmia in Patients Undergoing Combined Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy
Autor: Timóteo, AT
Galrinho, A
Branco, LM
Oliveira, MM
Nogueira da Silva, M
Feliciano, J
Soares, RM
Silva Cunha, P
Leal, A
Santos, S
Cruz Ferreira, R
Palavras-chave: Terapêutica de Ressincronização Cardíaca
Valor Preditivo dos Testes
Estudos Retrospectivos
Taquicardia Ventricular
Ultrassonografia
Terapêutica
Data: 2010
Editora: Sociedade Portuguesa de Cardiologia
Citação: Rev Port Cardiol. 2010 Jun;29(6):1009-19
Resumo: INTRODUCTION: The significant risk of sudden arrhythmic death in patients with congestive heart failure and electromechanical ventricular dyssynchrony has led to increased use of combined cardiac resynchronization therapy defibrillator (CRT-D) devices. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the echocardiographic variables in patients undergoing CRT-D that predict the occurrence of appropriate therapies (AT) for ventricular tachyarrhythmia. METHODS: We analyzed 38 consecutive patients (mean age 60 +/- 12 years, 63% male) with echocardiographic evaluation before and 6 months after CRT-D implantation. Patients with AT were identified in a mean follow-up of 471 +/- 323 days. A standard echocardiographic study was performed including tissue Doppler imaging (TDI). Responders were defined as patients with improvement in NYHA class of < or = 1 in the first six months, and reverse remodeling as a decrease in left ventricular end-systolic volume of < or = 15% and/or an increase in left ventricular ejection fraction of > 25%. RESULTS: The responder rate was 74%, and the reverse remodeling rate was 55%. AT occurred in 21% of patients, who presented with greater left ventricular end-diastolic internal diameter (LVEDD) before implantation (86 +/- 8 vs. 76 +/- 11 mm, p = 0.03) and at 6 months (81 +/- 8 vs. 72 +/- 14 mm, p = 0.08), and increased left ventricular end-systolic internal diameter (66 +/- 14 vs. 56 +/- 14 mm, p = 0.03) and lower ejection fraction (24 +/- 6 vs. 34 +/- 14%, p = 0.08) at 6 months. In the group with AT, the responder rate was lower (38 vs. 83%, p = 0.03), without significant differences in reverse remodeling (38% for the AT group vs. 60%, p = 0.426) or in the other variables. By univariate analysis, predictors of AT were LVEDD before implantation and E' after implantation. Age, gender, ischemic etiology, use of antiarrhythmic drugs, reverse remodeling and the other echocardiographic parameters did not predict AT. In multivariate logistic regression analysis, both LVEDD before implantation (OR 1.24, 95% CI 1.04-1.48, p = 0.019) and postimplantation E' (OR 0.27, 95% CI 0.09-0.76, p = 0.014) remained as independent predictors of AT. CONCLUSIONS: In patients undergoing CRT-D, episodes of ventricular tachyarrhythmia occur with high incidence, independently of echocardiographic response, with LVEDD before implantation and E' after implantation as the only independent predictors of AT in the medium-term. These results highlight the importance of combined devices with defibrillation capability.
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.17/274
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