Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.17/269
Título: Utilidade de Ecocardiografia da Sobrecarga Farmacológica com Dobutamina nas Cardiomiopatias Dilatadas não Isquémicas
Outros títulos: Usefulness of Low-Dose Dobutamine Echocardiography in Idiopathic Dilated Cardiomyopathy
Autor: Galrinho, A
Soares, RM
Branco, LM
Timóteo, AT
Feliciano, J
Santana, A
Cruz Ferreira, R
Quininha, J
Palavras-chave: Beta-Bloqueante
Cardiomiopatia Dilatada
Dobutamina
Ecocardiografia sob Stress
Estudos Prospectivos
HSM CAR
Data: 2005
Editora: Sociedade Portuguesa de Cardiologia
Citação: Rev Port Cardiol. 2005 Dec;24(12):1491-501
Resumo: INTRODUCTION: Low-dose dobutamine stress echocardiography is a common and useful technique to assess myocardial viability in patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the use of low-dose dobutamine stress echocardiography in determining the functional status of patients with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (IDCM). METHODS: Prospective study of 28 patients with IDCM by transthoracic echocardiography (2D), low-dose dobutamine stress echocardiography, cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) and measurement of pro-BNP. RESULTS: The mean age of the population was 50.3 +/- 11.5 years, 9 female and 19 male. Mean ejection fraction was 32.1 +/- 9.8%. All were in sinus rhythm. The following parameters were analyzed in 2D echocardiography and after dobutamine: dimensions of left atrium (LA) and of left ventricle in diastole and systole, shortening fraction (%), left ventricular end-diastolic (EDV) and end-systolic volumes (ESV), ejection fraction (EF), and mitral inflow (E, A, E/A ratio and deceleration time). In CPET, we considered the following parameters: peak VO2 and % maximal peak VO2 attained. We compared echo results with CPET. There was a correlation between age and peak VO2 (r = -0.38 with p = 0.049). In 2D echo, there was a correlation between baseline EF and LA dimensions and peak VO2 (r = 0.45 / p = 0.004 and r = -0.49 / p = 0.014, respectively). After dobutamine echo, there was a correlation between some echo parameters and peak VO2: EF - r = 0.59 / p = 0.001, LA dimensions - r = 0.56 / p = 0.007, and ESV - r = -0.45 / p = 0.026. Percentage maximal peak VO2 attained correlated with LA dimensions measured in 2D echo and after dobutamine (r = -0.398 / p = 0.036 and r = -0.674 / p = 0.02 respectively) and EF after dobutamine (r = -0.389 / p = 0.04). The value of pro-BNP correlated with LA dimensions and baseline EF (r = 0.44 / p = 0.02 and r = -0.57 / p = 0.002, respectively), and the correlation was maintained after inotropic stimulation with dobutamine (r = 0.57 / p = 0.001 and r = -0.55 / p = 0.0039). CONCLUSION: Low-dose dobutamine stress echocardiography showed stronger correlations with cardiopulmonary exercise testing than the parameters evaluated by conventional echocardiography and could be used to determine the functional status of patients with dilated cardiomyopathy; patients with greater ejection fraction after inotropic stimulation had better cardiopulmonary tests.
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.17/269
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