Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.17/2294
Título: Infections After Liver Transplantation: A Retrospective, Single-Center Study
Autor: Antunes, M
Teixeira, A
Fortuna, P
Moya, B
Martins, A
Bagulho, L
Pereira, JP
Bento, L
Perdigoto, R
Barroso, E
Marcelino, P
Palavras-chave: Bacterial Infections/epidemiology
Bacterial Infections/etiology
Liver Transplantation/adverse effects
Retrospective Studies
Tissue Donors
Data: 2015
Editora: Elsevier
Citação: Transplant Proc. 2015 May;47(4):1019-24
Resumo: Objective. To access the incidence of infectious problems after liver transplantation (LT). Design. A retrospective, single-center study. Materials and Methods. Patients undergoing LT from January 2008 to December 2011 were considered. Exclusion criterion was death occurring in the first 48 hours after LT. We determined the site of infection and the bacterial isolates and collected and compared recipient’s variables, graft variables, surgical data, post-LT clinical data. Results. Of the 492 patients who underwent LT and the 463 considered for this study, 190 (Group 1, 41%) developed at least 1 infection, with 298 infections detected. Of these, 189 microorganisms were isolated, 81 (51%) gram-positive bacteria (most frequently Staphylococcus spp). Biliary infections were more frequent (mean time of 160.4 167.7 days after LT); from 3 months after LT, gram-negative bacteria were observed (57%). Patients with infections after LT presented lower aminotransferase levels, but higher requirements in blood transfusions, intraoperative vasopressors, hemodialysis, and hospital stay. Operative and cold ischemia times were similar. Conclusion. We found a 41% incidence of all infections in a 2-year follow-up after LT. Gram-positive bacteria were more frequent isolated; however, negative bacteria were commonly isolated later. Clinical data after LT were more relevant for the development of infections. Donors’ variables should be considered in future analyses.
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.17/2294
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