Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.17/2282
Título: The PROP1 2-Base Pair Deletion Is a Common Cause of Combined Pituitary Hormone Deficiency
Autor: Cogan, J
Wu, W
Philips III, J
Arnhold, I
Agapito, A
Fofanova, O
Osorio, MG
Birdcan, I
Moreno, A
Mendonça, B
Palavras-chave: Receptores de Hormonas Reguladoras da Hipófise
Data: 1998
Editora: Endocrine Society
Citação: J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1998; 83: 3346–3349
Resumo: Combined pituitary hormone deficiency (CPHD) has an incidence of approximately 1 in 8000 births. Although the proportion of familial CPHD cases is unknown, about 10% have an affected first degree relative. We have recently reported three mutations in the PROP1 gene that cause CPHD in human subjects. We report here the frequency of one of these mutations, a 301–302delAG deletion in exon 2 of PROP1, in 10 independently ascertained CPHD kindreds and 21 sporadic cases of CPHD from 8 different countries. Our results show that 55% (11 of 20) of PROP1 alleles have the 301–302delAG deletion in familial CPHD cases. Interestingly, although only 12% (5 of 42) of the PROP1 alleles of our 21 sporadic cases were 301–302delAG, the frequency of this allele (in 20 of 21 of the sporadic subjects given TRH stimulation tests) was 50% (3 of 6) and 0% (0 of 34) in the CPHD cases with pituitary and hypothalamic defects, respectively. Using whole genome radiation hybrid analysis, we localized the PROP1 gene to the distal end of chromosome 5q and identified a tightly linked polymorphic marker, D5S408, which can be used in segregation studies. Analysis of this marker in affected subjects with the 301–302delAG deletion suggests that rather than being inherited from a common founder, the 301–302delAG may be a recurring mutation.
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.17/2282
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