Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.17/225
Título: Candidemia in Acute Leukemia Patients
Autor: Ribeiro, P
Botelho de Sousa, A
Aveiro, F
Nunes, O
Fernandes, JP
Gouveia, J
Palavras-chave: Doença Aguda
Adulto
Candidíase
Causalidade
Fungemia
Hospedeiro Imunocomprometido
Incidência
Leucemia
Estudos Retrospectivos
Factores de Risco
Data: 1997
Editora: Springer-Verlag
Citação: Support Care Cancer 1997 May;5(3):249-51
Resumo: Fungal infections are an important cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with acute leukemia (AL). Candidemia, once rare, is now a common nosocomial infection because of the intensity of chemotherapy, prolonged neutropenia, administration of broad-spectrum antibiotics and use of central venous catheters (CVC). We retrospectively identified patients treated for AL from 6/86 to 6/95 who also had candidemia. We describe 28 patients (incidence 6.3%) with a median age of 39 years, 24 of whom were on remission induction and 4 on postremission chemotherapy. All patients had CVC and empiric antimicrobial therapy, 4 had been given prophylactic antifungal drugs, and 2 had parenteral nutrition. Neutropenia was profound (median leukocyte nadir 200/microliters, median duration 19 days). Candida was isolated in blood cultures 10 days (median) after the start of neutropenia. The clinical presentation included fever (100%), respiratory symptoms (71.4%), skin lesions (39.2%) and septic shock (17.8%). Amphotericin B was given to 17 patients and liposomal amphotericin to 5 patients. Infection resolved in 18 patients (64.2%). 10 of whom were in complete remission. Mortality from candidemia was 17.8% (5/28). In conclusion, fungal infections are responsible for death in a significant number of patients. In our series treatment success was related to its rapid onset and to the recovery of neutropenia.
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.17/225
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