Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.17/215
Título: Psychosocial Morbidity and its Correlates in Cancer Patients of the Mediterranean Area: Findings from the Southern European Psycho-Oncology Study
Autor: Grassi, L
Travado, L
Moncayo, F
Sabato, S
Rossi, E
Palavras-chave: Adaptação Psicológica
Adulto
Idoso
Transtornos de Ansiedade
Comparação Transcultural
Mecanismos de Defesa
Depressão
Inquéritos de Saúde
Itália
Suiça
Portugal
Espanha
Neoplasias
Psicologia
Equipa de Assistência ao Doente
Inventário de Personalidade
Referência e Consulta
Estatística
Replicação de Resultados
Papel do Doente
Data: 2004
Editora: Elsevier
Citação: J Affect Disord. 2004 Dec;83(2-3):243-8.
Resumo: BACKGROUND: A few and partial data are available on psychosocial morbidity among cancer patients in Mediterranean countries. As a part of a more general investigation (Southern European Psycho-Oncology Study-SEPOS), the rate of psychosocial morbidity and its correlation with clinical and cultural variables were examined in cancer patients in Italy, Portugal and Spain. METHODS: A convenience sample of cancer outpatients with good performance status and no cognitive impairment were approached. The Hospital Anxiety-Depression scale (HAD-S), the Mini-Mental Adjustment to Cancer scale (Mini-MAC), and the Cancer Worries Inventory (CWI) were used to measure psychological morbidity, coping strategies and concerns about illness. RESULTS: Of 277 patients, 34% had pathological scores ("borderline cases" plus "true cases") on HAD-S Anxiety and 24.9% on HAD-S Depression. Total psychiatric "caseness" was 28.5% and 16.6%, according to different HAD cut-offs (14 and 19, respectively). Significant relationships of HAD-S Anxiety, HAD-S Depression, HAD-S Total score, with Mini-MAC Hopeless and Anxious Preoccupation, and CWI score were found. No differences emerged between countries on psychosocial morbidity, while some differences emerged between the countries on coping mechanisms. Furthermore, Fatalism, Avoidance and marginally Hopeless were higher compared to studies carried out in English-speaking countries. LIMITATIONS: The relatively small sample size and the good performance status prevent us to generalize data on patients with different cancer sites and advanced phase of illness. CONCLUSIONS: One-third of the patients presented anxiety and depressive morbidity, with significant differences in characteristics of coping in Mediterranean countries in comparison with English-speaking countries.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.17/215
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