Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.17/2139
Título: Anti-Phospholipase A2 Receptor Antibodies in the Diagnosis of Idiopathic Membranous Nephropathy
Outros títulos: Anticorpo Anti-Receptor da Fosfolipase A2 no Diagnóstico de Nefropatia Membranosa Idiopática
Autor: Meneses, G
Viana, H
Santos, MC
Ferreira, C
Calado, J
Carvalho, F
Remédio, F
Nolasco, F
Palavras-chave: HCC NEF
Receptors, Phospholipase A2
Nephropathy, Membranous
Nephrotic Syndrome
Data: 2015
Editora: Sociedade Portuguesa de Nefrologia
Citação: Port J Nephrol Hypert 2015; 29 (1): 44-47
Resumo: Circulating anti-phospholipase A2 receptor antibodies (anti-PLA2R) have been described in 70% to 80% of the patients with idiopathic membranous nephropathy (iMN), but not in patients with secondary membranous nephropathy or other glomerular diseases. The goal of this study was to evaluate the sensitivity and specificity of the assay for anti-PLA2R in the diagnosis of iMN. Anti-PLA2R IgG, Elisa and immunofluorescence tests were used to detect circulating anti-PLA2R. These tests were applied in 53 patients who had a kidney biopsy. Of these, 38 had histological diagnosis of membranous nephropathy (MN) and the remaining had other glomerular diseases. The MN was classified as idiopathic in 33 patients after clinical exclusion of secondary causes. Anti-PLA2R were positive in 57.6% of the patients with iMN. All patients with secondary membranous nephropathy or other glomerular diseases did not show circulating anti-PLA2R. The sensitivity was 57.6% (CI 39.2-74.5) and specificity 100% (CI 47.8-100), AUC 0.788; p < 0.0001 for the detection of iMN. 71.4% of the iMN patients that tested negative for anti-PLA2R were in partial or complete remission. The detection of anti-PLA2R in the studied population had a specificity of 100% for the iMN diagnosis. Prior treatments seem to make the test negative and contribute to a lower sensitivity.
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.17/2139
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