Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.17/149
Título: Lesões Inalatórias no Doente Queimado
Outros títulos: Inhalation Injury in Burn Patients
Autor: Almeida, MA
Palavras-chave: Queimaduras por Inalação
Lesão Pulmonar
Data: 1998
Editora: Centro Editor e Livreiro da Ordem dos Médicos
Citação: Acta Med Port. 1998 Feb;11(2):171-5.
Resumo: Inhalation injuries are currently the factor most responsible for mortality in thermally injured patients. Inhalation injuries may occur independently, but generally occur together with skin burn. Smoke inhalation affects all levels of the respiratory system and the extent of the inhalation injury depends on the duration, exposure, amount and toxicity of the fume temperature, concentration and solubility of toxic gases, the occurrence of the accident in a closed space and pre-existing diseases. Smoke inhalation also induces changes in the systemic organs with the need for more fluid for resuscitation. Systemic vasoconstriction, with an elevation in systemic vascular resistance, a fall in myocardial contractility and a great increase in lymphatic flow in soft tissue are the most important changes in systemic organs. On admission of a burn patient there is a high suspicion of inhalation injury when there are signs and symptoms such as hoarseness, strides, dyspnea, carbonaceous sputum, anxiety or disorientation, with or without face burns. The patient with these findings has partial airway obstruction and there is substantial risk complete airway obstruction occurring of secondary to the edema. Patients with suspected inhalation injury should be intubated so as to maintain airway patency and avoid a total obstruction. This group of patients frequently develop respiratory failure with the need for mechanical ventilatory support. Nosocomial infections, sepsis and multiple organ system failure may occur. Late complications of inhalation injury are tracheitis, tracheal stenosis or tracheomalacia and chronic airway disease, which is relatively rare. Early diagnosis of inhalation injury and treatment in a Burn Unit by a group of highly motivated clinicians and a good team of nurses is essential in order to decrease the morbidity and mortality related to inhalation injury.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.17/149
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