Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.17/147
Título: Paralisia Facial: Técnicas de Reconstrução Neuro-Muscular
Outros títulos: Facial Paralysis: Neuro-Muscular Reconstruction Techniques
Autor: Gomez, MM
Pereira, H
Gomes da Silva, A
Rego, JM
Almeida, MA
Palavras-chave: Paralisia Facial
Transferência de Nervo
Nervo Facial
Data: 1998
Editora: Centro Editor Livreiro da Ordem dos Médicos
Citação: Acta Med Port. 1998 Mar; 11 (3): 209-18
Resumo: Several surgical procedures have been proposed through the years for the treatment of facial paralysis. The multiplicity and diversity of techniques portray the complexity and challenge represented by this pathology. Two basic dynamic options are available: -Reconstruction of nerve continuity through direct micro suture, with interposition grafts or nerve transpositions. -Regional muscular transposition, most often using the temporalis. Facial reanimation with the temporalis transfer has withstood the test of time and still is a reference technique. In a few weeks, good results can be obtained with a single and rather simple surgical procedure. Functional free flaps have been used with increasing frequency in the last two decades, most often combining a cross-facial nerve graft followed by a gracilis free flap nine months later. With this method there is a potential for restoration of spontaneous facial mimetic function. Apparently there is a limit in microsurgical technique and expertise beyond which there is no clear improvement in nerve regeneration. Current research is now actively studying and identifying nerve growth factors and pharmacological agents that might have an important and complementary role in the near future.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.17/147
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