Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.17/1226
Título: Mortality after Discharge from Intensive Care: the Impact of Organ System Failure and Nursing Workload Use at Discharge
Autor: Moreno, R
Reis Miranda, D
Matos, R
Fevereiro, T
Palavras-chave: APACHE
Bases de Dados Factuais
Mortalidade Hospitalar
Unidades de Cuidados Intensivos
Tempo de Internamento
Modelos Logísticos
Insuficiência de Múltiplos Órgãos
Transferência de Doentes
Carga de Trabalho
Data: 2001
Editora: Springer Verlag
Citação: Intensive Care Med. 2001 Jun;27(6):999-1004
Resumo: OBJECTIVES: Mortality after ICU discharge accounts for approx. 20-30% of deaths. We examined whether post-ICU discharge mortality is associated with the presence and severity of organ dysfunction/failure just before ICU discharge. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study used the database of the EURICUS-II study, with a total of 4,621 patients, including 2,958 discharged alive to the general wards (post-ICU mortality 8.6%). Over a 4-month period we collected clinical and demographic characteristics, including the Simplified Acute Physiology Score (SAPS II), Nine Equivalents of Nursing Manpower Use Score, and Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) score. RESULTS: Those who died in the hospital after ICU discharge had a higher SAPS II score, were more frequently nonoperative, admitted from the ward, and had stayed longer in the ICU. Their degree of organ dysfunction/failure was higher (admission, maximum, and delta SOFA scores). They required more nursing workload resources while in the ICU. Both the amount of organ dysfunction/failure (especially cardiovascular, neurological, renal, and respiratory) and the amount of nursing workload that they required on the day before discharge were higher. The presence of residual CNS and renal dysfunction/failure were especially prognostic factors at ICU discharge. Multivariate analysis showed only predischarge organ dysfunction/failure to be important; thus the increased use of nursing workload resources before discharge probably reflects only the underlying organ dysfunction/failure. CONCLUSIONS: It is better to delay the discharge of a patient with organ dysfunction/failure from the ICU, unless adequate monitoring and therapeutic resources are available in the ward.
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.17/1226
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